Constitution Day of India 2022: History, Significance and Celebrations

Constitution Day of India which is also referred to as Samvidhan Diwas is yearly celebrated on twenty sixth November in India. This day commemorates the official adoption of the Indian structure in 1949.  

This day encourages folks to check out the structure to know all about their rights and additionally concerning the legal guidelines of the nation in order that they are often conscious of all of the legal guidelines of the nation and therefore it urges folks to at all times abide by the legal guidelines and duties as a accountable citizen of the nation. 

The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment on nineteenth November 2015 notified the choice of Government of India to rejoice the twenty sixth day of November yearly as ‘Constitution Day’ to advertise Constitution values amongst residents. 

Event Constitution Day of India
Date November 26, 2022
Day Saturday
Significance The day commemorates the official adoption of the Indian structure in 1949.
Observed by India


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Constitution Day of India History: 

In 1928 when India was below the colonial rule, the All Parties Conference convened a committee in Lucknow to organize the Constitution of India, which was generally known as the Nehru Report. Most of the colonial India was below British rule from 1857 to 1947. From 1947 to 1950, the identical laws continued to be carried out as India was a dominion of Britain for these three years, as every princely state was satisfied by Sardar Patel and V.P. Menon to signal the articles of integration with India, and the British authorities continued to be chargeable for the exterior safety of the nation. 

On November twenty sixth, 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India formally adopted the Constitution of India. It grew to become efficient on January twenty sixth, 1950. Thus, the structure of India repealed the Indian Independence Act 1947 and Government of India Act 1935 when it grew to become efficient on 26 January 1950. India ceased to be a dominion of the British Crown and grew to become a sovereign, democratic and republic with structure. Dr. BR Ambedkar one of the best Indian thoughts of the time performed a vital position in making of the structure as he was chairman of the drafting committee chargeable for creating the structure. 


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The structure was drafted by the Constituent Assembly, which was elected by elected members of the provincial assemblies. The 389-member meeting (diminished to 299 after the partition of India) took nearly three years to draft the structure holding eleven classes over a 165-day interval. The Constitution was drawn from a number of sources, whereas India’s wants and situations got paramount significance. B R Ambedkar studied the Constitutions of over 60 nations earlier than drafting the Constitution of India. Dr. BR Ambedkar performed a really essential in writing the structure of India and that is why he’s additionally referred as the daddy of the Indian structure.

While deliberating the revised draft structure, the meeting moved, mentioned and disposed off 2,473 amendments out of a complete of 7,635. Before adopting the structure, the meeting held eleven classes in 165 days. On 26 November 1949, it adopted the structure, which was signed by 284 members. The day is widely known as National Law Day, or Constitution Day. The day was chosen to unfold the significance of the structure and to unfold ideas and concepts of Ambedkar. 

However earlier today was solely celebrated because the National Law Day, it solely modified when the Government of India declared twenty sixth November as Constitution Day on nineteenth November 2015 by a gazette notification. The Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi made the declaration on 11 October 2015 whereas laying the muse stone of the B. R. Ambedkar’s Statue of Equality memorial in Mumbai. As BR Ambedkar performed a vital position in making of the structure so this crucial day of twenty sixth November was chosen to unfold the significance of the structure and to unfold ideas and concepts of Ambedkar.   


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Constitution Day of India Significance: 

The Constitution of India is a set of written rules and precedents of the Government of India. It frames basic political rules, procedures, rights, directive rules, restrictions, and duties of the federal government and the residents of the nation. The Constitution of India declares the nation a sovereign, secular, socialist, and democratic republic. It assures its citizen’s equality, liberty, and justice. The primary goals of celebrating today is to acknowledge the essential rules which fashioned the idea of the Constitution. These rules embody the rule of regulation, independence of the judiciary and the independence of authorized career.  

In a democracy, the Constitution is a sacred textual content for the Government- It lays a powerful basis for a parliamentary democracy to perform accordingly. The Constitution is the supreme regulation of a nation and it turns into much more essential as India is the most important democracy on the earth, and its Constitution serves as a guiding gentle for it to perform easily and vibrantly. Ever evolving, the Constitution of India is dynamic and adapts itself to altering instances, to deal with the altering wants and necessities of a growing nation.


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The Supreme Court (SC) helps the objectives of the Constitution. This Court is the defender of the Constitution and the rules laid down, human rights, and peace. It has at all times responded to the modifications throughout the society and moved with its tempo. It has intervened to guard democracy, human rights and to honour the rule of regulation. Through Article 21 of the Constitution, it has given extra info and goal to the regulation. The Court is an impartial judiciary, below the scheme of the Constitution, and it has performed a very good position in appearing as a vigilant officer by varied legislatures and govt directives.

The Preamble of Constitution is essential in defining India, it’s a transient introductory assertion setting out pointers for the folks of the nation in addition to presenting rules of the Constitution. It is the preface which highlights all the Constitution and embodies basic values, philosophy & ethos on which our Constitution relies and constructed.  It consists of Fundamental Rights (Liberty of thought, expression, perception, religion & worship) and Fundamental Duties (Justice, social, financial & political). This day is noticed with an goal to make each citizen of the nation conscious of the significance of structure. 

This day can be celebrated in honor and reminiscence of one of the best Indian chief if all time who’s Dr. BR Ambedkar. He performed a really essential position in organising the muse for the brand new and impartial India. He performed a really vital position in reforming the Indian society as he’s identified for his battle towards caste discrimination. As a freedom fighter additionally he performed an essential position in advocating for India’s freedom towards the British. After independence he was the architect of the Indian structure and served as the primary Law Minister of India. Hence today celebrates his legacy. 


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Constitution Day of India Celebrations: 

As half of the celebrations, a quantity of actions geared toward highlighting and reiterating the values and rules enshrined within the Constitution are being organised. An essential half of the celebrations is the studying of the Preamble to the Constitution and reaffirming our dedication to uphold its ideology.

Constitution Day isn’t a public vacation, nevertheless, authorities departments and colleges throughout the nation acknowledge the day with varied occasions and actions. As per the Department of Education and Literacy, the preamble of the structure is learn in all colleges by all college students as a method to make then conscious concerning the structure and legal guidelines of the nation. 

In addition, there are quiz and essay competitions organized each on-line and offline on the topic of the structure of India. There can be a lecture on salient options of the structure in every college. The Department of Higher Education additionally requests varied universities to rearrange mock parliamentary debates in faculties and universities throughout the nation. 

The Ministry of External Affairs has additionally directed all abroad Indian colleges to rejoice 26 November as Constitution Day and directed embassies to translate the structure into the native language of that nation and distribute it to varied academies, libraries and colleges of Indology so that everybody will be conscious of the structure of the nation. 

Most Searched FAQs on Constitution Day of India: 

1. When is Constitution Day of India celebrated? 

Constitution Day is yearly celebrated on twenty sixth November in India. 

2. Why twenty sixth Nov is Constitution Day? 

The Constitution Day, also referred to as “Samvidhan Divas” is widely known yearly on November 26 to commemorate adoption of the Constitution of India. On November 26, 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India adopted the Constitution of India, which got here into impact from January 26, 1950. 

3. Who is called the daddy of the Indian Constitution? 

Dr. BR Ambedkar is called the daddy of the Indian Constitution. 

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